Traditional costumes (Transylvania)

The costume culture is one of the most distinctive element of Szek. Szek bears the style marks of the German civil costume, Szekler Hungarian nobility and the peasant dresses. Over the centuries, the dress altered, some pieces of clothing disappeared and others appeared, however, these changes are not fundamentally altered. The 1717 Bartholomew’s Day Tatar attack mostly dark colors began to dominate the costumes. The two most important colors are black and red, and also blue as an effect of the Saxon influence. The women’s garments’ basic color is black. Many garments fit only certain occasions. The current costume pieces are still very valuable. A good example of this argument is that every time the city was robbed, the inhabitants listed the goods taken away from them, and the most important for them in the list was the clothing. folk dance One can say that the Szek folk dance is very popular, it has archaic elements as well. The same goes out to the folk music. Both of them are characterized by seriousness and orderliness. In the Middle Ages the Hungarian nobility and moral standards of the circles of Hungarian citizens were quite stringent, so that these standards are undoubtedly a major influence on the Szek dance and music The Szek folkdance has German or Saxon influences that can be quickly detected. This suggests that the Hungarians and Saxons living together in Szek, have not separated their cultures totally. The folkdance culture, music and the whole presented here may not be as authentic and detailed presentation if it weren’t for famous professionals, such as: Zoltan Kodaly, Bárdos Louis and George Martin.

Old photos from the first half of the XX. century – traditional costumes